June 21, 1974
The U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) accepted university desegregation plans from eight states--Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. HEW officials rejected Mississippi's plan, and Louisiana had refused to submit one in protest against the federal government's attempts to force the state to merge its black and white universities.
At the time, black educators and civil rights leaders across the country were becoming more and more divided over the question of desegregation at the college level. Many black educators and students feared losses of jobs, social status, and some of their cultural heritage if historically black universities merged with white universities in the name of desegregation. On the other hand, many civil rights leaders continued to call for complete desegregation, no matter what the consequences.